What is High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure (also referred to as HBP, or hypertension) is when your blood pressure, the force of blood flowing through your blood vessels, is consistently too high.

Your BP consist of 2 numbers appearing as 1 over the other or a top number and a bottom number. The top number, called your systolic blood pressure, measures the force of blood against your artery walls as your heart pumps blood throughout your body. The bottom number is called diastolic blood pressure and it measures blood against your artery walls as your heart relaxes between beats.

BP ranges:

  • Normal- 120/80

  • High or Hypertension Stage 1- 130/80 to 139/89

  • High or Hypertension Stage 2- 140/90

  • High or Hypertensive Crisis- 180/120 or higher

If either systolic or diastolic pressure is above normal range, then your Blood pressure is considered high and if consistently high, you will be diagnosed as having hypertension. Unmanaged hypertension can lead to heart attack, heart failure, heart attack, vision problems, vision loss, kidney disease, aneurysm and sexual dis-function.

Hypertension Risk factors include diabetes, obesity, high cholesterol, family history, inactivity, chronic stress, chronic alcohol drinking.

Ways to manage or prevent Hypertension:

  • eliminating unhealthy foods, such as excess sugars and saturated fats, from your diet

  • eating more heart-healthy foods such as lean meats, fish, fruits and vegetables, and whole grains

  • cutting back on sodium in your diet

  • drinking more water

  • getting daily physical activity

  • quitting smoking

  • maintaining a healthy weight

  • managing stress

By adopting these lifestyle changes, not only can you prevent Hypertension but cause remission and avoid further complications of Hypertension

For more information visit www.heart.org.